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Written By Ramesh Adhikari

Reviewed by Dr. Ram Prasad Neupane , DM MDGP,  Professor at Tribhuvan University, Maharajgunj Medical Campus

Nepal has recently witnessed an upsurge in the number of infectious disease outbreaks, posing a significant public health challenge. Diseases such as dengue fever, cholera, and others have caused substantial morbidity and mortality, demanding immediate attention. This news article highlights the recent outbreaks of infectious diseases in Nepal, provides verifiable references to support the information, and suggests preventive measures to mitigate the impact.

Dengue Fever Outbreak: In recent months, Nepal has experienced a surge in dengue fever cases. According to the Epidemiology and Disease Control Division (EDCD) of the Ministry of Health and Population, there has been a significant increase in the number of dengue cases across various districts of Nepal (1). The mosquito-borne viral disease, transmitted primarily by the Aedes mosquito, has affected thousands of individuals, leading to severe illness and even fatalities.

Cholera Outbreak: Additionally, Nepal has been grappling with periodic outbreaks of cholera, a bacterial infection transmitted through contaminated water and food. The disease has resulted in outbreaks in several regions, including densely populated urban areas. The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported an increase in cholera cases, emphasizing the urgent need for preventive measures (2).

Preventive Measures: To combat the recent outbreaks of infectious diseases and protect public health, it is crucial to implement effective preventive measures. The following strategies can help reduce the transmission and impact of these diseases:

Enhanced Public Awareness: Government authorities, in collaboration with healthcare organizations, should launch public awareness campaigns to educate the population about the causes, symptoms, and preventive measures of infectious diseases. This can include disseminating information through mass media, community outreach programs, and educational institutions.

Vector Control Measures: Given that mosquitoes play a significant role in transmitting diseases like dengue fever, vector control measures should be prioritized. Efforts should focus on eliminating mosquito breeding sites, implementing larvicidal treatments, and promoting the use of insecticide-treated bed nets and window screens to prevent mosquito bites.

Improved Sanitation and Water Quality: Addressing the issue of contaminated water sources is crucial in preventing cholera and other waterborne diseases. The government should prioritize the provision of clean drinking water and promote hygienic practices, such as proper handwashing and safe food handling, to reduce the risk of disease transmission.

Strengthened Healthcare Infrastructure: It is essential to enhance the capacity of healthcare facilities, particularly in affected regions, to efficiently diagnose, treat, and manage infectious diseases. This includes ensuring the availability of diagnostic tests, medications, and trained healthcare professionals.

Surveillance and Early Detection: Establishing a robust disease surveillance system can aid in early detection and response to outbreaks. Timely reporting, monitoring of cases, and effective data sharing between healthcare institutions and public health authorities are crucial for implementing targeted interventions.

Conclusion: The recent outbreaks of infectious diseases in Nepal, including dengue fever and cholera, have raised concerns about public health. Urgent action is needed to prevent further spread and mitigate the impact of these diseases. By implementing comprehensive preventive measures, raising public awareness, and strengthening healthcare infrastructure, Nepal can effectively combat these outbreaks and protect the health and well-being of its population.


  • Epidemiology and Disease Control Division. (2023). Health Bulletin 2023. Ministry of Health and Population, Government of Nepal.
  • World Health Organization. (2022). Weekly Epidemiological Record: Cholera. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/wer/en/