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Tota la informació relacionada amb la salut

ሁሉም ከጤና ጋር የተያያዙ መረጃዎች


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Written By THT Editorial Team

Dr. Deepak Shrestha

Reviewed by Dr. Deepak Shrestha, MD , Assosiate Professor(Dept. of OBGYN, Lumbini Medical College)

Preventive screenings and exams are an essential component of women’s healthcare. Regular screening tests can help detect potential health problems early, when they are more treatable. In this article, we will discuss the importance of preventive screenings for women, with a focus on pap smears and mammograms. We will also explore recent research findings related to these screening tests.

Pap Smears

Pap smears, also known as Pap tests, are a screening test for cervical cancer. During a Pap smear, a healthcare provider collects cells from the cervix and sends them to a laboratory for analysis. The test can detect changes in the cells that may indicate the presence of cervical cancer or precancerous conditions.

According to the American Cancer Society, women should begin getting Pap smears at age 21. Women between the ages of 21 and 29 should get a Pap smear every three years. Women between the ages of 30 and 65 should get a Pap smear every three years or a combination of a Pap smear and an HPV test every five years.

Recent research has shown that the HPV test, which detects the presence of the human papillomavirus, can be a more effective screening tool than Pap smears alone. According to a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, women who received the HPV test were less likely to develop cervical cancer compared to those who received a Pap smear.


Mammograms are a screening test for breast cancer. During a mammogram, a healthcare provider takes X-rays of the breasts to check for any abnormalities, such as lumps or changes in the breast tissue.

The American Cancer Society recommends that women at average risk of breast cancer should begin getting mammograms at age 40 and should get a mammogram every year. Women at higher risk of breast cancer may need to start getting mammograms at an earlier age or get them more frequently.

Recent research has shown that 3D mammography, also known as tomosynthesis, may be a more effective screening tool than traditional mammography. According to a study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, women who received 3D mammograms were less likely to be called back for additional testing compared to those who received traditional mammography.

Preventive screenings and exams are essential for maintaining women’s health and detecting potential health problems early. Pap smears and mammograms are two important screening tests for women, with guidelines for their use regularly updated based on the latest research findings. Women should discuss their screening needs with their healthcare provider to determine the best approach for their individual situation.