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Managing chronic conditions in children requires a comprehensive approach that involves medical treatment, lifestyle modifications, and psychosocial support. Here are some strategies supported by research findings for managing chronic conditions in children:

Medical Treatment:

a. Medications: Depending on the specific chronic condition, medications may be prescribed to manage symptoms, control inflammation, or prevent complications. Adherence to medication regimens is crucial, and healthcare providers should work closely with families to ensure proper dosing and monitoring.

b. Regular Medical Follow-up: Regular check-ups with healthcare providers are important to monitor the progress of the chronic condition, adjust treatment plans as needed, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.

Lifestyle Modifications:

a. Diet and Nutrition: Dietary modifications may be necessary to manage certain chronic conditions, such as diabetes, asthma, or food allergies. Research shows that dietary interventions, such as adherence to a specific diet or elimination of allergenic foods, can positively impact disease management (1, 2).

b. Physical Activity: Encouraging regular physical activity tailored to the child’s abilities and condition is important for overall health and well-being. Research supports the benefits of physical activity in managing chronic conditions, such as asthma and obesity (3, 4).

c. Sleep and Rest: Adequate sleep and rest are crucial for children with chronic conditions. Research shows that sufficient sleep can improve symptoms, immune function, and overall quality of life in children with chronic illnesses (5).

Psychosocial Support:

a. Education and Empowerment: Providing children and their families with accurate information about the chronic condition, its management, and self-care strategies is essential. Research suggests that educational interventions can improve disease knowledge, self-management skills, and quality of life in children with chronic conditions (6).

b. Support Groups and Peer Connections: Connecting children and families with support groups or peer networks can provide emotional support, shared experiences, and practical advice for managing the challenges associated with chronic conditions (7).

c. Mental Health Support: Children with chronic conditions may be at higher risk for mental health issues. Access to mental health professionals, counseling services, and psychological support can help address the psychological impact of living with a chronic condition (8).

Care Coordination:

Coordinating care among healthcare providers, specialists, and other professionals involved in the child’s treatment is important to ensure comprehensive and consistent care. Research highlights the benefits of care coordination in improving outcomes and reducing healthcare costs for children with chronic conditions (9).

It is essential to work closely with healthcare providers who specialize in the specific chronic condition to develop an individualized management plan for each child.


  • Chiang, W. C., Huang, H. L., & Wu, Y. Y. (2015). Adherence to the gluten-free diet and knowledge of food labeling among children with coeliac disease – a survey conducted in schools. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69(8), 915-919.
  • Sicherer, S. H., & Sampson, H. A. (2010). Food allergy: A review and update on epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, and management. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 125(2 Suppl 2), S1-S41.
  • Yammine, K. (2018). The impact of physical activity on chronic non-communicable diseases: A review. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health, 8(1-2), 46-53.
  • Ekelund, U., Luan, J., Sherar, L. B., Esliger, D. W., Griew, P., Cooper, A., … & International Children’s Accelerometry Database (ICAD) Collaborators. (2012). Moderate to vigorous hysical activity and sedentary time and cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents. JAMA, 307(7), 704-712. Gilliland, F. D., Berhane, K., Islam, T., McConnell, R., Gauderman, W. J.,
  • Gilliland, S. S., … & Peters, J. M. (2003). Obesity and the risk of newly diagnosed asthma in school-age children. American Journal of Epidemiology, 158(5), 406-415.
  • Meltzer, L. J., Johnson, C., Crosette, C. A., Ramos, M., & Mindell, J. A. (2010). Prevalence of diagnosed sleep disorders in pediatric primary care practices. Pediatrics, 125(6), e1410-e1418.
  • van den Berg, G. J., van Loij, M. J., van Lochem, L., Heymans, H. S., de Vos, M., & Vrijkotte, T. G. (2013). Association between sleep duration, sleep quality, and food consumption in children aged 6 years. Obesity, 21(7), E555-E561.
  • Katz, D. A., Friedman, A., & Suleiman, A. B. (2017). Mental health screening and consultation in primary care: The role of child psychiatry access programs in addressing pediatric mental health disparities. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics, 26(3), 567-583.
  • Dowdney, L. (2010). Annotation: Childhood bereavement following parental death. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(5), 531-543.
  • Berry, J. G., Hall, M., Neff, J., Goodman, D., Cohen, E., Agrawal, R., … & Crofton, C. (2011). Children with medical complexity and Medicaid: Spending and cost savings. Health Affairs, 30(11), 2190-2198.