स्वास्थ्य सम्बन्धी सम्पूर्ण जानकारी

جميع المعلومات المتعلقة بالصحة

Lahat ng impormasyong may kaugnayan sa kalusugan

स्वास्थ्य संबंधी सारी जानकारी

Semua maklumat berkaitan kesihatan

ကျန်းမာရေးဆိုင်ရာ အချက်အလက်အားလုံး


Dhammaan macluumaadka la xiriira caafimaadka

स्वास्थ्यसम्बद्धाः सर्वाणि सूचनानि

Alle gezondheidsgerelateerde informative

Tota la informació relacionada amb la salut

ሁሉም ከጤና ጋር የተያያዙ መረጃዎች


صحت سے متعلق تمام معلومات

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Written By THT Editorial Team

Sujata Shakya

Reviewed by Sujata Shakya, Public Health Practitioner, Assistant Professor, Public health (IOM)

Emerging global health threats are defined as the sudden spread of infectious diseases or other health issues that have the potential to become epidemics or pandemics and cause significant morbidity and mortality on a global scale. These threats can arise due to various factors, including global travel, climate change, population growth, urbanization, and changes in land use. Some of the emerging global health threats are:

Pandemic Influenza: The emergence of novel influenza strains with pandemic potential poses a significant threat to global health. The most recent example is the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

Antimicrobial Resistance: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, develop resistance to antimicrobial drugs, making infections harder to treat. AMR is a growing threat to global health and could result in the failure to treat common infections.

Vector-borne Diseases: Vector-borne diseases such as dengue, Zika, and malaria are a significant public health threat in many parts of the world. Climate change and global travel have contributed to their spread, making them difficult to control.

Emerging Infectious Diseases: The emergence of new infectious diseases such as Ebola, SARS, and MERS has highlighted the need for preparedness and response plans to rapidly control outbreaks and prevent their spread.

Preparation to Fight Emerging Global Health Threats:

Preparedness and response to emerging global health threats require a collaborative effort between governments, public health agencies, healthcare workers, and the general public. Some of the key strategies to combat these threats are:

Early Detection and Surveillance: Early detection of emerging health threats and surveillance systems can help prevent the spread of diseases. Rapid detection and reporting of outbreaks can enable timely implementation of control measures.

Strengthening Healthcare Systems: Strengthening healthcare systems in LMICs, including increasing access to essential medicines and vaccines, improving laboratory capacity, and enhancing surveillance systems, is crucial to prevent and control emerging global health threats.

Research and Development: Research and development of new diagnostic tools, vaccines, and therapeutics are essential to combat emerging global health threats. This highlights on funding research on emerging diseases, clinical trials, and stockpiling of essential medical supplies.

Communication and Education: Effective communication and public education campaigns can increase awareness of emerging global health threats, preventive measures, and promote healthy behaviors.


Emerging global health threats pose a significant challenge to global health security, and proactive preparedness and response strategies are essential to prevent and control their spread. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for a collaborative approach by governments, healthcare workers, public health agencies, and the general public to combat emerging health threats and protect global health. By implementing effective strategies to detect, prevent and control emerging global health threats, we can build a more resilient and prepared global health system.