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Semua maklumat berkaitan kesihatan

ကျန်းမာရေးဆိုင်ရာ အချက်အလက်အားလုံး


Dhammaan macluumaadka la xiriira caafimaadka

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Alle gezondheidsgerelateerde informative

Tota la informació relacionada amb la salut

ሁሉም ከጤና ጋር የተያያዙ መረጃዎች


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Written By THT Editorial Team

Sanjogta Thapa Magar

Reviewed by Sanjogta Thapa Magar, Food Microbiologist

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, and can spread from one person to another through different modes of transmission. Some infectious diseases can be prevented by taking certain precautions. Here are some strategies that can help reduce the risk of infectious diseases:

1. Handwashing: Regular and proper handwashing is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. Hands should be washed thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after using the toilet, before eating, and after being in public places.

2. Safe food handling: Foodborne illnesses can be caused by eating contaminated food. Therefore, it is important to handle and cook food safely to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. This includes washing hands before handling food, cooking food thoroughly, storing food properly, and avoiding cross-contamination between raw and cooked foods.

3. Vaccination: Vaccines can help prevent many infectious diseases. Immunization programs have helped reduce the incidence of diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, polio, and hepatitis B.

4. Safe sex: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be prevented by practicing safe sex, which includes using condoms, getting tested for STIs, and limiting the number of sexual partners.

5. Covering the mouth and nose: When coughing or sneezing, it is important to cover the mouth and nose with a tissue or the inside of the elbow to prevent the spread of respiratory infections.

6. Avoiding close contact: Some infectious diseases can be spread through close contact with infected people. Therefore, it is important to avoid close contact with people who are sick and to stay home when feeling ill to avoid spreading the disease to others.

7. By following these strategies, individuals can reduce their risk of contracting and spreading infectious diseases.