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Written By THT Editorial Team

Priya Lohani

Reviewed by Priya Lohani, Bsc, MA(Food and Nutrition)

Food allergies and sensitivities affect millions of people worldwide. An allergy occurs when the immune system reacts abnormally to a specific food, while a sensitivity refers to a less severe reaction to a food that may cause discomfort or digestive issues. Managing food allergies and sensitivities is crucial for maintaining overall health and preventing adverse reactions.

Recent research has shown that food allergies and sensitivities are becoming increasingly common, with up to 32 million Americans experiencing some form of food allergy or intolerance (1). The most common food allergies include peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, wheat, soy, fish, and shellfish. Symptoms of food allergies and sensitivities may range from mild to severe, including digestive issues, skin rashes, and even anaphylaxis in severe cases.

One way to manage food allergies and sensitivities is to identify and avoid trigger foods. This can be achieved by reading food labels carefully, communicating with restaurant staff about food ingredients, and preparing meals at home using fresh, whole ingredients. It is also important to have an emergency action plan in case of accidental exposure to a trigger food, especially for those with severe allergies.

Another strategy for managing food allergies and sensitivities is to work with a registered dietitian or nutritionist to develop a balanced and nutritious eating plan that takes into account any food restrictions. This may involve incorporating alternative protein sources, such as legumes or tofu, and ensuring adequate intake of essential nutrients through supplements or fortified foods.

Research has also suggested that probiotics and prebiotics may have a beneficial effect on gut health, which may be particularly important for individuals with food sensitivities (2). Probiotics are beneficial bacteria found in certain foods or supplements, while prebiotics are types of fiber that feed these beneficial bacteria. Both probiotics and prebiotics have been shown to support gut health and improve digestion.

In conclusion, managing food allergies and sensitivities is essential for maintaining overall health and preventing adverse reactions. Strategies include identifying and avoiding trigger foods, working with a registered dietitian or nutritionist to develop a balanced eating plan, and incorporating probiotics and prebiotics to support gut health.


  • Gupta RS, Warren CM, Smith BM, et al. The Public Health Impact of Parent- Reported Childhood Food Allergies in the United States. Pediatrics. 2018;142(6):e20181235. doi:10.1542/peds.2018-1235
  • Vighi G, Marcucci F, Sensi L, Di Cara G, Frati F. Allergy and the gastrointestinal system. Clin Exp Immunol. 2008;153 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):3-6. doi:10.1111/j.1365- 2249.2008.03713.x