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Written By THT Editorial Team

Sujata Shakya

Reviewed by Sujata Shakya, Public Health Practitioner, Assistant Professor, Public health (IOM)

Access to healthcare is a fundamental right that should be enjoyed by every individual, regardless of their geographical location or socioeconomic status. Unfortunately, in many developing countries, significant barriers prevent people from accessing the healthcare services they need. These barriers often include limited infrastructure, insufficient healthcare resources, financial constraints, and inadequate healthcare systems. To address these challenges, it is crucial to develop strategies that maximize access to healthcare in developing countries. This article explores research findings and suggests strategies that can effectively improve access to healthcare, ensuring maximum suitability for these regions.

Strengthening Primary Healthcare: Investing in primary healthcare is vital for enhancing access to healthcare in developing countries. By focusing on primary healthcare, countries can provide essential and cost-effective services to a larger population. This strategy includes establishing and adequately funding primary healthcare centers, training and deploying healthcare workers, and expanding the coverage of essential medications and vaccinations. Strengthening primary healthcare can significantly improve access to preventive care, early diagnosis, and management of common diseases.

Telemedicine and Mobile Health: Leveraging advancements in technology, telemedicine and mobile health solutions offer promising strategies to overcome geographical barriers and limited healthcare infrastructure. Telemedicine allows remote consultations, diagnosis, and treatment of health problems through telecommunications technologies, enabling healthcare professionals to reach underserved populations. Mobile health interventions, such as health applications and SMS- based programs, can provide valuable healthcare information, reminders, and educational resources to individuals in remote areas.

Community-Based Healthcare Delivery: Community-based healthcare delivery models have demonstrated success in improving access to healthcare in developing countries. These models involve training and empowering community health workers (CHWs) to deliver basic healthcare services at the grassroots level. CHWs can provide preventive care, health education, and basic treatments, acting as a bridge between the community and the formal healthcare system. Engaging communities and local organizations can enhance the cultural acceptability and effectiveness of healthcare interventions.

Health Financing Reforms: Financial barriers are the significant obstacles to healthcare access. Implementing health financing reforms can ensure that healthcare services are affordable and accessible for all. Strategies may include expanding health insurance coverage, developing targeted subsidy programs for vulnerable populations, and exploring innovative financing mechanisms. Evidence-based research should inform the design of these reforms, considering the local context and socioeconomic factors that affect healthcare accessibility.

Public-Private Partnerships: Collaboration between public and private sectors can contribute to improving healthcare access in developing countries. Public-private partnerships can leverage the strengths of both sectors to address gaps in healthcare infrastructure, service delivery, and resource allocation. This approach can enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare systems, ensuring that resources are utilized optimally to benefit underserved populations.

Conclusion: Enhancing access to healthcare in developing countries requires a multifaceted approach that considers the unique challenges faced by these regions. Strengthening primary healthcare, harnessing technology, empowering communities, implementing health financing reforms, and fostering public-private partnerships are key strategies that can maximize access to healthcare services. By implementing these strategies based on the research findings and adapting them to the local contexts, policymakers and healthcare stakeholders can make significant progress in ensuring equitable access to healthcare for all individuals in developing countries.


  • World Health Organization. (2021). Primary health care. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/westernpacific/health-topics/primary-health-care
  • World Health Organization. (2020). Telemedicine: Opportunities and developments in member states: Report on the second global survey on eHealth. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240010034
  • Lehmann, U., & Sanders, D. (2007). Community health workers: What do we know about them? The state of the evidence on programmes, activities, costs and impacts on health outcomes. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/hrh/documents/community_health_workers.pdf
  • Kutzin, J. (2013). Anything goes on the path to universal health coverage? No. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91(11), 798-798A. doi: 10.2471/BLT.13.132563 World Bank. (2020). Public-Private Partnerships in Health. Retrieved from https://ppp.worldbank.org/public-private-partnership/sector/health